The head and neck region contains some of the most complex anatomy in the human body. The key organs that are involved in most of our daily activities which allow us to breathe, phonate, swallow, see, hear, smell and taste are all located in this region.
Various non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) tumors can arise in the head and neck region, ranging from superficial skin lesions to deep, invading cancers. Although most growths are benign, surgical excision or biopsy of these tumors is commonly performed to rule out cancer. For example, large lymph nodes are commonly biopsied to rule out cancer.